external environmental

  • (EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT) is an interactive sensory-physical-socio-cultural phenomenon within which occupational performance occurs. The interaction of these four dimensions creates further sub-dimensions such as political and economic environments that profoundly affect occupational performance.
  • (External environment) all forces or interactive influences external to or existing outside the defined client system; the source of interpersonal and extrapersonal stressors.
  • (External environment) The external environment is the context, outside the boundary of an organization, in which that organization has to operate.


  • an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
  • The identification and measurement of the chemical constituents of a substance or specimen
  • the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
  • The process of separating something into its constituent elements
  • a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
  • Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation

external environmental analysis

external environmental analysis – External Environmental

External Environmental Analysis – The U.S. Television Manufacturing Industry
External Environmental Analysis - The U.S. Television Manufacturing Industry
Scholarly Paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics / Business: Business Management, Corporate Governance, printed single-sided, grade: A, Western Illinois University, course: Business Strategy & Policy, 43 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Introduction The purpose of this report is to determine and identify the “attractiveness” of the U.S. television (TV) manufacturing industry, i.e. to analyze the opportunities and threats that a company and its industry face due to the external environment. This external environment project will therefore after defining some key terms, analyze the dominant economic characteristics, the driving forces, and the competitive environment of the U.S. television manufacturing industry. To simplify matters the analysis will be performed from the point of view of an audio and video equipment producer, who is planning on entering the television manufacturing industry. Key Terms For a better understanding of the report this section will provides definitions of some important key terms used in the TV industry. – CRT: cathode ray tube, the primarily technology used for TVs – LCD: liquid crystal display, newer technology used for flat panel TVs, called LCD TVs – PDP: plasma display panel, relatively new technology used for flat panel TVs, called plasma TVs – DLP: digital light processing, relatively new technology used for rear-projection TVs – LED: light-emitting diode – OLED: organic light-emitting diode, technology, which is commonly used in mobile phones and digital cameras but is also applicable for TVs and computer screens – FPD: flat panel display, including amongst others LCD, PDP, DLP, and OLED – Analog TV: encodes TV picture and sound information as an analog signal – DTV: digital television, “is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals [1]” – HDTV: high definition television, “is a television broadcasting system with a signific

Whats a san francisco garter snake?

Whats a san francisco garter snake?

San Francisco garter snake

Conservation status

Scientific classification
Species:T. sirtalis
Subspecies:T. s. tetrataenia
Trinomial name
Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia
Cope, 1875
The San Francisco garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) is a slender multi-colored colubrid snake. Designated as an endangered species since the year 1967,[1] it resides only in San Mateo County, California, and the extreme northern part of coastal Santa Cruz County, California. There are only 1,000 to 2,000 of the subspecies T. s. tetrataenia remaining. This garter snake prefers wet and marshy areas and is elusive to see or capture. It is a subspecies of the common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis): a species found across the United States and into southern Canada.
1 Description
2 Range and habitat
3 Life cycle
4 Taxonomy and relation to other garter snakes
5 DNA analysis
6 Outlook for this subspecies
7 References
8 External links
The San Francisco garter snake presents a burnt orange head, greenish-yellow dorsal stripe edged in black, bordered by a red stripe, which may be continuous or broken with black blotches, below which is a black side stripe. Pigmentation of the underside ranges from greenish-blue to blue. Large adults can attain a length of one meter. The scales are keeled. Dorsal scales appear in 19 rows at maximum, whereas the other species of garter snake in the region (Thamnophis elegans and Thamnophis atratus) can range up to 21 scale rows. There is a single anal plate. There are seven upper lip scales. The side stripe is confined to the second and third tier scales. Distinguishing this species from other garter snakes are red markings between its dorsal and side stripes, yielding the appearance of a wide continuous stripe, If captured it thrashes about wildly, may bite, and smears its captor with excrement and odorous fluids from the anal scent glands.

Wetland habitat of the San Francisco garter snake in Millbrae, California
This subspecies of garter snake is found in scattered wetland areas on the San Francisco Peninsula from approximately the northern boundary of San Mateo County south along the eastern and western bases of the Santa Cruz Mountains, at least to the Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir, and along the Pacific coast south to Año Nuevo Point, and thence to Waddell Creek in Santa Cruz County. It is difficult to obtain reliable distribution information and population statistics for the San Francisco garter snake, because of the elusive nature of this organism and the fact that much of the remaining suitable habitat is located on private property that has not been surveyed for the presence of the snake. This subspecies is extremely shy, difficult to locate and capture, and quick to flee to water or cover when disturbed. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has stated that many locations that previously had healthy populations of garter snakes are now in decline due to land development pressure and the filling of wetlands in San Mateo County over the last sixty years. This snake is also a rare species in addition to its endangered classification.
The snake’s preferred habitat is a densely vegetated pond near an open hillside where it can sun, feed, and find cover in rodent burrows; however, markedly less suitable habitat can be successfully used. Temporary ponds and other seasonal freshwater bodies are also appropriate. This subspecies avoids brackish marsh areas because its preferred prey, the California red-legged frog (Rana aurora) cannot survive in saline water. Emergent and bankside vegetation such as cattails, (Typha spp.), bulrushes (Scirpus spp.) and spike rushes (Juncus spp. and Eleocharis spp.) apparently are preferred and used for cover.[5] The zone between stream and pond habitats and grasslands or bank sides is characteristically utilized for basking, while nearby dense vegetation or water often provide escape cover. The subspecies occasionally uses floating algal or rush mats, when available.
San Francisco garter snakes forage extensively in aquatic habitats. Adult snakes feed primarily on California red-legged frogs, which is federally listed as endangered. They may also feed on juvenile bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana), but they are unable to consume adults; in fact, adult bullfrogs prey on juvenile garter snakes, and may be a contributing factor in the population decline of the San Francisco garter snake. Newborn and juvenile San Francisco garter snakes depend heavily upon Pacific treefrogs (Hyla regilla) as prey. If newly metamorphosed Pacific treefrogs are not available, the young garter snakes may not survive. San Francisco garter snakes are one of the few animals capable of ingesting the toxic California newt (Taricha torosa) without incurring sickness or death.
Adult snakes sometimes estivate (enter a dormant state) in rodent burrows during s

President Obama in Brazil – IMG 4454

President Obama in Brazil -  IMG 4454

In accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding between the United States and Brazil to Advance Cooperation on Biofuels, dated 9 March 2007; aware of the aviation industry`s reliance on high energy density liquid fuels; convinced of the vital role played by technology and industrial partnership in the field of aviation biofuels; and aware, as the world`s two largest biofuels producers, that the development of aviation biofuels constitutes an important instrument for the mitigation of climate change and for the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil and the U.S. Department of State, as representatives of the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the United States of America, respectively (the "two sides"), announce that they are launching a Partnership for the Development of Aviation Biofuels, with the following goals:

To endorse the development of sustainable biofuels for aviation as an important means of reducing aviation greenhouse gas emissions;

To coordinate efforts towards the establishment of common standards and specifications for aviation biofuels;

To strengthen private sector partnerships through the creation of a favorable environment for research and academic circles as well as enterprises to develop cooperation and initiatives towards the development of aviation biofuels. This includes supporting the dialogue between the Brazilian Alliance for Aviation Biofuels (ABRABA) and the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI);

To provide for coordination in multilateral fora concerning aviation biofuels in order to prevent international barriers to biofuels trade and development and to ensure that the use of biofuels is promoted as an important contribution for GHG emissions reduction.

1. Cooperating institutions

To carry out this Partnership, the following governmental entities, as well as other institutions, are expected to engage in cooperative activities:

a) On the Brazilian side: Office of the Chief of Staff for the Presidency (Casa Civil); The National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC); The National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP); The Ministry of Mines and Energy; The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply; The Ministry of Defense.

b) On the US side: The United States Federal Aviation Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy, [the U.S. Department of Agriculture,] the U.S. Department of Defense.

The two sides may decide to establish activities to be undertaken in partnership with private sector organizations such as the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI) and the Brazilian Aviation Biofuels Alliance (Aliança Brasileira para Biocombustíveis de Aviação – ABRABA).

2. Activities

Consistent with the programmatic priorities of the institutions, cooperative activities may encompass:

a) exchanges of experts and non-proprietary data and analysis on the Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (INMETRO) and American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards development for renewable jet fuels;

b) exchanges of experts and non-proprietary data and analysis on environmental sustainability;

c) exchanges of experts and non-proprietary data and analysis by national research labs, academic institutions and willing industrial partners seeking to research, demonstrate and deploy production capability for aviation biofuels;

d) joint engagement in multilateral fora to promote standards, trade and development, and

e) Other forms of cooperation determined by the two sides.

3. Reporting

The two sides intend to report relevant progress, in a fashion consistent with other reporting of bilateral R&D activities, to the U.S.-Brazil biofuels MOU Steering Committee periodically.

4. Funding

The two sides intend to decide the methods of funding on a project-by-project basis, consistent with each Government`s internal procedures. All activities under this Partnership are subject to the availability of funds and to further arrangements between appropriate institutions. This Partnership is not intended to effect a commitment or obligation of specific funds by either side.

Activities under this Partnership are to commence when determined by the two sides. Either side may suspend or discontinue its participation in this Partnership or in an activity under it and should attempt to give 30 days` written notice of such suspension or discontinuation.

Signed at Brasília, on 19th of March of 2011, in the Portuguese and English languages.

external environmental analysis

Sony VAIO YB Series VPCYB33KX/B 11.6-Inch Laptop (Black)
The YB Series laptop is built with the features and performance you need every day to stay connected and be entertained. You get smart performance and amazing picture quality with the 11.6″ LED backlit display. All of this in a sleek up-market design.

Whether you’re looking for a lightweight laptop for frequent travel or just need a compact PC within easy reach around the house, the Sony VAIO YB3 Series laptop PC is a great option at only 3.23 pounds. Its thin profile and compact 11.6-inch screen size make it a cinch to tote or easily slip in and out of carrying cases. And you’ll get up to 5.75 hours of on-the-go battery life.
YB3 series in black - main
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The 11.6-inch LED backlit widescreen display laptop offers lower power consumption for improved battery life while providing incredibly high brightness levels that amplify colors and deliver clear, crisp picture quality to bring your movies and pictures to life–even spreadsheets will look amazing.
AMD E-series
It’s powered by a dual-core AMD E-450 accelerated processor (APU), which combines a CPU and a graphics processing unit (GPU) on a single chip, helping to accelerate daily applications while also delivering lower power consumption. The APU can quickly offload demanding tasks and applications from your CPU to the GPU, enabling you to do more with your computer in less time.
You can connect this VAIO to a compatible HDTV via the HDMI port to display your creations to a larger audience via a single cable. It also includes Wireless-N Wi-Fi networking (802.11n), which offers ultra-fast speeds, wider range, and compatibility with 802.11b/g networks as well. And the integrated camera with face-tracking technology and microphone makes it easy to video chat with family, friends, and co-workers.
This VAIO laptop comes pre-installed with the 32-bit version of Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium and it includes Microsoft Office Starter 2010 with limited-functionality versions of Word and Excel (learn more below).
Note: This VAIO YB3 does not include an integrated optical (CD/DVD) drive, but an optional external drive can be connected via USB.
YB3 series in black - detail
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Take It to the Big Screen
Whether you’re watching an HD movie or enjoying your own video creation, this VAIO laptop allows you to play back HD content on your compatible big screen HDTV with a high level of resolution. The HDMI output delivers both your video and audio via a single HDMI cable (sold separately), providing the optimal digital connection to your HDMI-enabled HDTV so you can enjoy HD entertainment on the big screen without a myriad of extra cables and wires.
Easy Photo and Video Management
Sony’s PMB (Picture Motion Browser) VAIO Edition makes managing your photos and home videos as easy as taking them. Instantly sort and search using the magic of Sony’s intelligent analysis technologies–PMB eliminates the clutter and automatically organizes content by person, place and date. And new and intuitive navigation features make it fast and easy to find your favorites.
The PMB VAIO Edition software also helps you produce your own high-quality home movies and slideshows quickly. Sony breaks complex movie production into three simple steps, freeing you from tedious hours spent mastering difficult and expensive video editing software. Just import your photos and videos, choose a theme and soundtrack, and then click finish. PMB VAIO Edition does the rest, generating a professional-looking movie complete with special effects, smooth cinematic transitions and a perfectly timed soundtrack.

Key Specifications
11.6-inch LED-backlit display with 1366 x 768 resolution for native HD 720p viewing
1.65 GHz AMD E-Series E-450 dual-core accelerated processor (APU) with 1 MB L2 cache
320 GB SATA hard drive (5400 RPM)
2 GB of installed DDR3 RAM (1066 MHz; 4 GB maximum)
AMD Radeon HD 6310 graphics (integrated on APU)
Built-in stereo speakers
Up to 5.75 hours of battery life at default brightness with standard battery (5.25 hours at maximum brightness)
Dimensions and Weight: 11.42 x 7.99 x 1.25 inches (WxDxH); 3.23 poundsWireless & Networking
Wireless-N Wi-Fi (802.11b/g/n) for ultra-fast connectivity to home and business networks.
Bluetooth 2.1 connectivity with wireless stereo music streaming (embedded A2DP profile).
Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000)
Connectivity & Expansion
3 total USB 2.0 ports
HDMI port for connecting to a compatible HDTV or home theater receiver for uncompressed digital audio and video via a single cable.
VGA video output (analog, RGB)
Memory Stick Duo slot
Secure Digital memory card slot (compatible with MMC cards)
Microphone and headphone jacks

YB3 series in black - left port
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What’s in the Box
Sony VAIO YB3 laptop (model VPCYB33KX/B); standard lithium-ion battery (3500 mAh); AC adapter; power cord; operating instructions
Included Software
Microsoft Office Starter with reduced-functionality versions of Word and Excel; VAIO Care; Media Gallery; PMB VAIO Edition; Norton Internet Security 2012 (30-day trial offer)
1-year limited hardware warranty, and 1-year of toll-free telephone technical assistance (onsite/in-home service and international service availability).
Environmental Specifications
Energy Star 5.0
Gold EPEAT for reducing environmental impact.
RoHS compliant restricting the use of lead, mercury and certain other hazardous substances.
YB3 series in black - keyboard
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